Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Slip deficit in central Nepal: omen for a repeat of the 1344 AD earthquake?
Authors: Bollinger, L.
Tapponnier, Paul
Sapkota, S. N.
Klinger, Y.
Keywords: Paleoseismology
Inbuilt age
Himalayan earthquakes
Seismic cycle
Issue Date: 2016
Source: Bollinger, L., Tapponnier, P., Sapkota, S. N., & Klinger, Y. (2016). Slip deficit in central Nepal: omen for a repeat of the 1344 AD earthquake?. Earth, Planets and Space, 68, 12-.
Series/Report no.: Earth, Planets and Space
Abstract: In 1255, 1344, and 1408 AD, then again in 1833, 1934, and 2015, large earthquakes, devastated Kathmandu. The 1255 and 1934 surface ruptures have been identified east of the city, along comparable segments of the Main Frontal Thrust (MFT). Whether the other two pairs of events were similar is unclear. Taking into account charcoal’s age inheritance, we revisit the timing of terrace offsets at key sites to compare them with the seismic record since 1200 AD. The location, extent, and moment of the 1833 and 2015 events imply that they released only a small part of the regional slip deficit on a deep thrust segment that stopped north of the Siwaliks. By contrast, the 1344 or 1408 AD earthquake may have ruptured the MFT up to the surface in central Nepal between Kathmandu and Pokhara, east of the surface trace of the great 1505 AD earthquake which affected western Nepal. If so, the whole megathrust system in Nepal broke in a sequence of earthquakes that lasted less than three centuries, with ruptures that propagated up to the surface from east to west. Today’s situation in the Himalayan seismic sequence might be close to that of the fourteenth century.
ISSN: 1880-5981
DOI: 10.1186/s40623-016-0389-1
Rights: © 2016 Bollinger et al. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:EOS Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Slip deficit in central Nepal omen for a repeat of the 1344 AD earthquake.pdf2.33 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail

Citations 5

Updated on Mar 25, 2023

Web of ScienceTM
Citations 5

Updated on Mar 27, 2023

Page view(s) 20

Updated on Mar 27, 2023

Download(s) 50

Updated on Mar 27, 2023

Google ScholarTM




Items in DR-NTU are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.