Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Variance Characteristics of Tropical Radiosonde Winds Using a Vector-Tensor Method
Authors: Tieo, Jing-Jin
Koh, Tieh-Yong
Skote, Martin
Srikanth, Narasimalu
Keywords: Variance
Wind Characteristics
Issue Date: 2018
Source: Tieo, J.-J., Koh, T.-Y., Skote, M., & Srikanth, N. (2018). Variance Characteristics of Tropical Radiosonde Winds Using a Vector-Tensor Method. Energies, 11(1), 137-.
Series/Report no.: Energies
Abstract: In this paper, an exploratory study on the variance characteristics of upper-air winds in a near-equator monsoon region is presented. The data were obtained from historical radiosonde observations from up to 250 stations within the region of interest for the period between 1954 and 2013. An alternative method based on vector statistics was employed in this study which characterises the mean by a vector and the variance by a tensor. Unlike the conventional approach of using scalar wind speeds, this vector-tensor approach allows the directional properties of the variance to be studied. A suite of statistics to describe the geometric properties of the variance tensor was also developed. These characterise the size of the variance, its degree of anisotropy, and the alignment of the preferred direction (if anisotropy is present) with the direction of the mean wind vector. Through analysis of these statistics, several salient trends were observed for the middle troposphere. It was found that the variance size and anisotropy exhibit significant variation with height whereas the alignment with the mean vector varies with the mean wind magnitude instead. It was also found that the scalar variance increases with mean wind speed.
ISSN: 1996-1073
DOI: 10.3390/en11010137
Rights: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:IGS Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Variance Characteristics of Tropical Radiosonde Winds Using a Vector-Tensor Method.pdf3.06 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail

Citations 20

Updated on Aug 31, 2020

Citations 20

Updated on Mar 5, 2021

Page view(s)

Updated on May 26, 2022

Download(s) 50

Updated on May 26, 2022

Google ScholarTM




Items in DR-NTU are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.