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Title: Use of Acoustic Emissions to detect change in contact mechanisms caused by tool wear in abrasive belt grinding process
Authors: Pandiyan, Vigneashwara
Tjahjowidodo, Tegoeh
Keywords: Coated Abrasive Machining
Material Removal Modes
Engineering::Mechanical engineering
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Pandiyan, V., & Tjahjowidodo, T. (2019). Use of Acoustic Emissions to detect change in contact mechanisms caused by tool wear in abrasive belt grinding process. Wear, 203047-. doi:10.1016/j.wear.2019.203047
Series/Report no.: Wear
Abstract: Abrasive belt tools are widely used for finishing processes, where the abrasive grains on the belt tool serve as the cutting edge to remove materials. The interaction between abrasive grain and the material surface might result in three contact mechanisms, i.e. rubbing, ploughing and cutting, where their nature are not fully understood. On the other hand, the performance of a coated abrasive belt tool is highly affected by the grain wear. A single grain scratch test with different abrasive grain wear conditions is conducted to explore the three contact mechanisms. Through scratch experiments of prismatic Aluminium Oxide (A12O3) grain on Aluminium 6061 workpiece, Acoustic Emission (AE) frequency signatures that correspond to the three mechanisms are examined. Dominant frequencies and energy signatures occupied by the three contact mechanisms are analysed using Short-Time Fourier Transform (STFT). The energy content of the dominant frequency signatures revealed that the cutting mechanism is more predominant on belt tool with new grains, which gradually becomes less significant as the grain wears. A similar trend is also observed in ploughing and rubbing modes with respect to the wear flat level of the belt tool. The general conclusion suggests that the intensity of contact mechanisms changes according to the condition of the abrasive grain, i.e. tool wear, and can be correlated with AE sensor data.
ISSN: 0043-1648
DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2019.203047
Rights: © 2019 Elsevier. All rights reserved. This paper was published in Wear and is made available with permission of Elsevier.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Journal Articles

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