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Title: The influence of referent type and familiarity on word-referent mapping
Authors: Ong, Jia Hoong
Chan, Alice Hiu Dan
Keywords: Familiarity
Word-referent Mapping
Issue Date: 2019
Source: Ong, J. H., & Chan, A. H. D. (2019). The influence of referent type and familiarity on word-referent mapping. PLOS ONE, 14(7), e0219552-. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0219552
Series/Report no.: PLOS ONE
Abstract: Is our memory for pairs of items dependent on item characteristics? The present study explores this question using a word learning paradigm; specifically, we examined whether referent characteristics, such as referent type (face/object) and familiarity (known/unknown), may influence word-referent mapping. Moreover, we examined this effect across two test sessions to determine if the influence of referent characteristics might be more pronounced over time, and across two age groups (young vs. older adults) to determine if there might be age-related differences. Participants were presented with pseudoword-referent mappings in four referent conditions (face/object × known/unknown) and then were tested with a recognition task immediately after learning, and again after a short delay. Our findings indicated that names for faces were not learned better than names for objects, despite previous literature suggesting that faces are processed differently. We also found that known referents (defined as having a pre-existing label for a referent) were learned better than unknown items but this familiarity advantage was only observed for faces and not for objects. While there were several age-related findings, these might be due to the longer delay between the immediate and delayed tests among the older adults relative to young adults. Taken together, our results suggest that certain referent characteristics do interact and influence our learning of and memory for such pairings.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0219552
Rights: © 2019 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:SoH Journal Articles

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