Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: TEM and STEM analysis on heat-treated and in vitro plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite/Ti-6Al-4V composite coatings
Authors: Dong, Zhili
Khor, Khiam Aik
Quek, C. H.
White, Timothy John
Cheang, P.
Keywords: DRNTU::Engineering::Materials
Issue Date: 2003
Source: Dong, Z. L., Khor, K. A., Quek, C. H., White, T. J., & Cheang, P. (2003). TEM and STEM analysis on heat-treated and in vitro plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite/Ti-6Al-4V composite coatings. Biomaterials, 24(1), 97-105.
Series/Report no.: Biomaterials
Abstract: A cogent understanding of the microstructure, and indeed nano-structure, of hydroxyapatite (HA) and the interface between Ti-6Al-4V and HA is crucial to its appropriateness as a biomaterials. This paper reports the analysis of plasma-sprayed HA/Ti-6Al-4V composites by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) to elucidate the intricate nature of the materials following plasma spray processing and in vitro evaluation. The novel Ti-6Al-4V/HA composite coating, with approximately 48 wt% HA, had demonstrated attractive tensile adhesion strength (~28 MPa) and improved Young’s modulus (~ 55 GPa). Experimental results demonstrated that amorphous calcium phosphate and fine HA grains were formed during rapid splat solidification in the as-sprayed composite coatings. Small Ti-6Al-4V grains were observed adjacent to the amorphous calcium phosphate. The coatings were further heat treated at 600°C for 6 h, and significant crystallisation of the amorphous calcium phosphate phase took place. However, complete crystallisation was not achieved at this temperature, as the coatings invariably contained a small amount of amorphous calcium phosphate phase in some local regions. After immersion in simulated body fluid for 2 weeks and 10 weeks, TEM and STEM confirmed that the interfaces inside the coating maintained good microstructural integrity.
DOI: 10.1016/S0142-9612(02)00267-3
Schools: School of Materials Science & Engineering 
Rights: © 2002 Elsevier. This is the author created version of a work that has been peer reviewed and accepted for publication by Biomaterials, Elsevier. It incorporates referee’s comments but changes resulting from the publishing process, such as copyediting, structural formatting, may not be reflected in this document. The published version is available at: [DOI:]
Fulltext Permission: open
Fulltext Availability: With Fulltext
Appears in Collections:MAE Journal Articles
MSE Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
76. TEM and STEM analysis on heat.pdf684.61 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail

Citations 5

Updated on May 22, 2023

Web of ScienceTM
Citations 5

Updated on May 23, 2023

Page view(s) 5

Updated on May 31, 2023

Download(s) 5

Updated on May 31, 2023

Google ScholarTM




Items in DR-NTU are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.