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dc.contributor.authorSkyllas-Kazacos, Mariaen
dc.contributor.authorRui, Xianhongen
dc.contributor.authorOo, Moe Ohnmaren
dc.contributor.authorSim, Daohaoen
dc.contributor.authorYan, Qingyuen
dc.contributor.authorRaghu, Subash Chandraboseen
dc.contributor.authorLim, Tuti Marianaen
dc.identifier.citationRui, X., Oo, M. O., Sim, D., Raghu, S. c., Yan, Q., Lim, T. M., et al. (2012). Graphene oxide nanosheets/polymer binders as superior electrocatalytic materials for vanadium bromide redox flow batteries. Electrochimica acta, 85, 175-181.en
dc.description.abstractFew layered graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets with large specific surface area (42.1 m2 g−1) are successfully prepared by a modified Hummers method for use as electrodes in the vanadium bromide redox battery. The structure and physicochemical properties of GO are investigated by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy. Cyclic voltammetry results indicate that GO nanosheets with polymer binder (i.e., polyvinylidiene fluoride (PVDF) or sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) (SPEEK)) hybrids demonstrate more favorable electrocatalytic activity towards the Br−/Br3− and V3+/V2+ redox couples than the pure graphite. This is attributed to the large numbers of oxygen-containing functional groups on the GO nanosheet surface which can generate more active sites to catalyze the redox reactions. For the binder-based electrodes, the SPEEK based electrode gives the best electrochemical performance (e.g., lower overvoltage for both Br−/Br3− and V3+/V2+ redox couple reactions and higher peak currents for the V3+/V2+ redox couple).en
dc.relation.ispartofseriesElectrochimica actaen
dc.rights© 2012 Elsevier Ltd.en
dc.titleGraphene oxide nanosheets/polymer binders as superior electrocatalytic materials for vanadium bromide redox flow batteriesen
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Civil and Environmental Engineeringen
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Materials Science & Engineeringen
dc.contributor.researchEnergy Research Institute @ NTU (ERI@N)en
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