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Title: Bimodal N-doped P25-TiO2/AC composite : preparation, characterization, physical stability, and synergistic adsorptive-solar photocatalytic removal of sulfamethazine
Authors: Yap, Pow-Seng
Cheah, Yan Ling
Srinivasan, Madhavi
Lim, Teik-Thye
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Yap, P.-S., Cheah, Y.-L., Srinivasan, M., & Lim, T.-T. (2012). Bimodal N-doped P25-TiO2/AC composite: Preparation, characterization, physical stability, and synergistic adsorptive-solar photocatalytic removal of sulfamethazine. Applied Catalysis A: General, 427-428, 125-136.
Series/Report no.: Applied catalysis A : general
Abstract: A novel nitrogen-doped P25-TiO2 of bimodal structure with activated carbon supported (N-P25-TiO2/AC) was synthesized via the modified sol–gel techniques. Besides adding urea as N-source, the N-doping could also be induced through calcination under mixed NH3/N2 atmosphere. The composite was characterized using XRD, porosimetry, UV–vis spectrophotometry, FTIR, XPS, SEM/EDX and TEM. The physical stability of the composite was examined through ultrasonication disruption, and the composite exhibited good physical stability. The synergistic effects of the adsorption-solar photocatalysis of sulfamethazine (SMZ) as exhibited by the composites were examined. The best performing bimodal composite was N-P25-TiO2 (25 + 10)/AC, which comprised 25% of N-P25 and 10% N-TiO2 (sol) by weight composition (wt%). The maximum adsorption capacity (Smax) for the N-P25-TiO2 (25 + 10)/AC, at pH 3.0, 6.0 and 10.0 was 183 ± 3, 194 ± 3, and 103 ± 2 mg g−1, respectively. The effects of the total loading of N-doped titania, sol–gel synthesis technique, weight distribution of N-P25 and N-TiO2 (sol), composite dosage, light wavelength spectrum and solution pH on the photocatalytic degradation (PCD) of SMZ were investigated. The N-P25-TiO2 (25 + 10)/AC composite exhibited enhanced PCD efficiency under solar irradiation with a pseudo first-order rate constant (kapp) of 0.48 h−1, as compared to other types of bimodal composites because its higher N-P25 content led to a greater photocatalytic activity.
ISSN: 0926-860X
DOI: 10.1016/j.apcata.2012.03.042
Rights: © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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