Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/98041
Title: Multicultural experiences reduce intergroup bias through epistemic unfreezing
Authors: Tadmor, Carmit T.
Hong, Ying-yi.
Chao, Melody Manchi
Wiruchnipawan, Fon
Wang, Wei
Keywords: DRNTU::Social sciences::Psychology
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Tadmor, C. T., Hong, Y.-y., Chao, M. M., Wiruchnipawan, F., & Wang, W. (2012). Multicultural experiences reduce intergroup bias through epistemic unfreezing. Journal of personality and social psychology, 103(5), 750-772.
Series/Report no.: Journal of personality and social psychology
Abstract: In 6 studies, we systematically explored for the 1st time the ameliorative effects of multicultural experience on intergroup bias and investigated the role of epistemic unfreezing as the motivational mechanism underlying these effects. We found that multicultural exposure led to a reduction in stereotype endorsement (Studies 1, 4, and 6), symbolic racism (Study 5), and discriminatory hiring decisions (Study 2). We further demonstrated that experimental exposure to multicultural experience caused a reduction in need for cognitive closure (NFCC; Studies 3 and 6) and that the ameliorative effects of multiculturalism experience on intergroup bias were fully mediated by lower levels of NFCC (Studies 4, 5, and 6). The beneficial effects of multiculturalism were found regardless of the targeted stereotype group (African Americans, Ethiopians, homosexuals, and native Israelis), regardless of whether multicultural experience was measured or manipulated, and regardless of the population sampled (Caucasian Americans or native Israelis), demonstrating the robustness of this phenomenon. Overall, these results demonstrate that multicultural experience plays a critical role in increasing social tolerance through its relationship to motivated cognitive processes.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10356/98041
http://hdl.handle.net/10220/17158
DOI: 10.1037/a0029719
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
Appears in Collections:NBS Journal Articles

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