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Title: Hybrid structure of zinc oxide nanorods and three dimensional graphene foam for supercapacitor and electrochemical sensor applications
Authors: Dong, Xiaochen
Cao, Yunfa
Wang, Jing
Chan-Park, Mary B.
Wang, Lianhui
Huang, Wei
Chen, Peng
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Dong, X., Cao, Y., Wang, J., Chan-Park, M. B., Wang, L., Huang, W., et al. (2012). Hybrid structure of zinc oxide nanorods and three dimensional graphene foam for supercapacitor and electrochemical sensor applications. RSC Advances, 2(10), 4364-4369.
Series/Report no.: RSC advances
Abstract: A hybrid structure of zinc oxide (ZnO) on three dimensional (3D) graphene foam has been synthesized by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth of graphene followed by a facial in situ precipitation of ZnO nanorods under hydrothermal conditions. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) are used to characterize the morphology and structure of graphene/ZnO hybrids. The results show that the ZnO nanorods have high crystallinity and cluster uniformly on graphene skeleton to form flower-like nanostructures. Serving as a free-standing electrode, the electrochemical and biosensing performance of graphene/ZnO hybrids are studied by cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, galvanostatic charge–discharge and amperometric measurements. It is found that the graphene/ZnO hybrids display superior capacitive performance with high specific capacitance (~400 F g−1) as well as excellent cycle life, making them suitable for high-performance energy storage applications. Furthermore, the graphene/ZnO hybrids exhibit high sensitivity for detection of [Fe(CN)6]3+ and dopamine, with the extrapolated lower detection limits of ~1.0 μM and ~10.0 nM respectively. These results demonstrate the potential of free-standing graphene/ZnO hybrid electrodes for the development of highly sensitive electrochemical sensors.
ISSN: 2046-2069
DOI: 10.1039/c2ra01295b
Rights: © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Fulltext Permission: none
Fulltext Availability: No Fulltext
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