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Highly efficient forward osmosis based on porous membranes : applications and implications
For the first time, forward osmosis (FO) was performed using a porous membrane with an ultrafiltration (UF)-like rejection layer and its feasibility for high performance FO filtration was demonstrated. Compared to traditional ...
Double-skinned forward osmosis membranes based on layer-by-layer assembly—FO performance and fouling behavior
Novel crosslinked layer-by-layer (xLbL) forward osmosis (FO) membranes with a double-skinned design have been synthesized and characterized in the present work. Cross flow reverse osmosis test results showed that the ...